The Optimization of the Bus System
Boya Yang, Dylon Li
Burnaby South Secondary
Floor Location : J 138 F

The purpose of the project is to optimize the bus system in Metrotown. The plan is to increase the frequency of the high ridership routes to decrease overcrowding and to decrease the frequency of the low ridership routes to increases average ridership. There is three hypotheses. The first hypothesis is route 49 would have the most riders, 130 is second, followed by the 19, and the 116 is least. The second hypothesis is the weekday morning and the weekday evening periods will have the most ridership and the weekend noon period will have the least ridership. The third and main hypothesis is that by decreasing the frequency on low ridership routes to increase average ridership and increasing the frequency on high ridership routes to reduce overcrowding the bus system can be improved. The research begins by going to Metrotown Station to collect data. After collecting data, graphs are made and the information was analysed. The first and second hypotheses are only partially correct. Solutions was then created in response to the data. A formula was also created, namely the average ridership is equal to the total ridership times the frequency divided by the total time. The data was then plugged into the formula and the average ridership was calculated. The third hypothesis was proved to be correct as by decreasing the frequency of the low ridership routes the average ridership will be increased by increasing the frequency of the high ridership routes overcrowding is reduced. In conclusion, the bus system in Metrotown can be improved using the method of increasing the frequency when it is a high ridership route or decreasing the frequency when it is a low ridership route.