Mood and Anxiety During the COVID-19 Pandemic Based on Location and Local Number of Cases
Nathaniel Tham
Sir Winston Churchill Secondary
Floor Location : M 098 D

Because of the current COVID-19 pandemic, people all around the world have had to socially isolate themselves, leading to some, especially those living alone, reporting experiencing lower mood and higher anxiety. To test this, I created an international online survey with standardized GAD-2 and PHQ-2 questions (General Anxiety Disorder 2 or GAD-2 for screening anxiety, Patient Health Questionnaire or PHQ-2 for screening sadness/depression). My hypothesis was this: "If I send out an international online survey with the GAD-2 and PHQ-2 screens, I would find that participants living in the regions with the highest COVID-19 cases per capita will experience the highest anxiety and lowest mood". From my results, with 500 total participants worldwide during the height of the wave 2 COVID-19 infections from December 15, 2020, to January 15, 2021, I found that North Americans reported higher anxiety and lower mood compared to Europeans and those in Australia/New Zealand. However, those in Africa and South America seemed more stressed with anxiety and mood concerns than North America. For Western Countries, I found that the USA had higher anxiety and low mood by about 20% (1/6 point) over Canada, UK, and Germany. This could be related to their high per-capita numbers and perceive confusion in managing the pandemic.